XI. Holy Eucharist

1.  The Body and Blood of Jesus Christ are truly, really, and substantially present in the Eucharist.
2.  Christ becomes present in the Sacrament of the Altar by the transformation of the whole substance of the bread into His Body and of the whole substance of the wine into His Blood.
3.  The accidents of bread and wine continue after the change of the substance.
4.  The Body and Blood of Christ together with His Soul and Divinity and therefore, the whole Christ, are truly present in the Eucharist.
5.  The Whole Christ is present under each of the two Species.
6.  When either consecrated Species is divided, the Whole Christ is present in each part of the Species.
7.  After the Consecration has been completed the Body and Blood are permanently present in the Eucharist.
8.  The Worship of Adoration (latria) must be given to Christ present in the Eucharist.
9.  The Eucharist is a true Sacrament instituted by Jesus Christ.
10.  The matter for the consummation of the Eucharist is bread and wine.
11.  For children before the age of reason, the reception of the Eucharist is not necessary for salvation.
12.  Communion under two forms is not necessary for any individual members of the Faithful, either by reason of Divine precept or as a means of salvation.
13.  The power of consecration resides in a validly consecrated priest only .
14.  The Sacrament of the Eucharist can be validly received by every baptised person in the wayfaring state, including young children.
15.  For the worthy reception of the Eucharist, the state of grace as well as the proper and pious disposition are necessary.
16.  The Holy Mass is a true and proper Sacrifice.
17.  In the Sacrifice of the Mass, Christ's Sacrifice on the Cross is made present, its memory celebrated, and its saving power applied.
18.  In the Sacrifice of the Mass and in the Sacrifice of the Cross the Sacrificial Gift and the Primary .  Sacrificing Priest are identical; only the nature and the mode of the offering are different.
19.  The Sacrifice of the Mass is not merely a sacrifice of praise and thanks-giving, but also a sacrifice of expiation and impetration.


From the work of Dr. Ludwig Ott, Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma, published by the Mercier Press Ltd., Cork, Ireland, 1955. With Imprimatur of Cornelius, Bishop. Reprinted in U.S.A. by Tan Books and Publishers, Rockford, Illinois, 1974.